Actividad física en estudiantes universitarios beneficiarios de un programa nacional de becas de inclusión social
Physical activity in university students beneficiaries of a national social inclusion scholarship program

Sergio Bravo-Cucci, Gloria Gonzales-Cruz, Regina Medina-Espinoza, Noelia López-Guevara

Resumen


La etapa universitaria tiende a cambiar los patrones de conducta saludable, como la disminución de la actividad física. Diversas intervenciones han promovido la inclusión de jóvenes de escasos recursos al contexto universitario peruano. Por tanto, el objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la prevalencia de la actividad física saludable y los factores sociodemográficos asociados a la actividad física en estos estudiantes. Se realizó unainvestigación de tipo cuantitativa, descriptiva, prospectiva y transversal, con una muestra de 1.598 becarios, utilizando el Cuestionario Global de Actividad Física (GPAQ) y un cuestionario de recolección de datos sociodemográficos, que fueron administrados virtualmente. Se encontró una prevalencia de actividad física por debajo del nivel saludable del 18.3%. Los factores determinantes para ser activos físicamente fueron: sexo (p <0.001) con un 17% de mayor probabilidad de ser activo saludable en el sexo masculino sobre el femenino; tener como lengua materna al quechua presentó un 8% de mayor probabilidad de ser activo físicamente que los que tenían como lengua materna el español (RPa 1.08 , IC95 1.03 - 1.16 y p =0.021) y estudiar en una región natural como la selva presentó gran probabilidad de tener mayores niveles de actividad física (RPa 1.14 , IC95 1.05 - 1.21 y p <0.001) en comparación a los estudiantes de la costa. Se concluyó que existe una alta frecuencia de actividad física saludable dentro de los estudiantes universitarios becados. El sexo, lugar de estudio y la lengua originaria están asociados a un mayor nivel de actividad física.

The university stage tends to change healthy behavior patterns, such as decreased physical activity. Various interventions have promoted the inclusion of young people with limited resources in the Peruvian university context. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of healthy physical activity and the sociodemographic factors associated with physical activity in these students. A quantitative, descriptive, prospective and cross-sectional research was carried out, with a sample of 1,598 scholars, using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ) and a questionnaire for collecting sociodemographic data, the questionnaires were administered virtually. A prevalence of physical activity below the healthy level of 18.3% was found. The determining factors to be physically active were sex (p <0.001) with a 17% greater probability of being healthy active in males over females; having quechua as their mother tongue presented an 8% greater probability of being physically active than those who had Spanish as their mother tongue (RPa 1.08, IC95 1.03 - 1.16 and p = 0.021) and studying in a natural region such as the jungle presented great probability of having higher levels of physical activity (RPa 1.14, IC95 1.05 - 1.21 and p <0.001) compared to the students from the coast. It is concluded that there is a high frequency of healthy physical activity among scholarship university students. Sex, place of study and the native language are associated with a higher level of physical activity.


Palabras clave


Actividad física; Educación Superior; Estudiantes; Perú, Physical activity; Higher Education; Students; Perú

Texto completo:

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Referencias


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